Paul Laurence Dunbar

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1872-1906 

Dayton, Ohio 

Dunbar was born free to ex-enslaved Africans, Matilda and Joshua Dunbar. He was a prolific poet, short story writer, novelist, writer of articles, dramatic sketches, newspaper editor, and wrote plays and lyrics for musical compositions. Motivated by his parents storytelling and various European poets, he created poetry in standard English about life, love, nature, people he knew, the injustices of slavery and on race relations in his day. His highly skilled and graceful use of southern dialect poetry was very popular for its humble, yet proud wisdom and philosophy on human nature. 

          Beyond his literary achievements, Dunbar dispelled the myth that Africans in America were unable to be educated.  He was also mentored and hailed by Frederick Douglas as the most promising poet of his day and the "Poet Laureate of the Negro race."




Matilda Dunbar

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Controversial and thought-provoking, he often praised African-Americans, rather than attack Europeans, in much of his work.

Dunbar was a forerunner to the Harlem Renaissance era in American Literature and he motivated writers like James Weldon Johnson, Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston to compose in the language of ordinary folk.

       Dunbar is recognized as the fore father and first free man of color to self-publish and read his works in public. Dunbar was also one of the first American poets to make a considerable living from his appearances in the US and England.


In the opinion of Oni Lasana, "Dunbar is to America what Shakespeare is to English literature and he is the GREAT GRANDFATHER of the spoken word movement...no doubt!" 


Oni gives thanks to Bob Jones of The Coatesville Cultural Society (RIP) for educating and mentoring her on Dunbar's works.  

Alice Ruth Dunbar

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Dunbar married author, writer, poet and activist for woman rights, Alice Ruth Dunbar of New Orleans. They lived in Washington D.C. while he was employed at the Library of Congress. They had no children.

  Maya Angelou, an admirer of Dunbar titled her autobiography "I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings" from his most popular standard poem Sympathy.  (Listen & see Sympathy video below.) Sympathy is included in the finale of "Doin' Dunbar as 'Lias' Mother" program as a "rap along" with audience participation. It is also a featured poem taught to students in the Brother Dunbar Performance Workshop.

 Dunbar gained international attention before his death from tuberculosis at the age of 33. Many schools and public buildings are named in his honor.  
His portrait was the first African American to be featured on the US Postage stamp. Paul Laurence Dunbar's home stands as an historic state landmark and museum in Dayton, Ohio. 

sympathy aka I know why the caged bird sings

When Malindy sings

keep a pluggin' away

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Doin' Dunbar as 'Lias' Mother

Performance & Workshop

Featuring Timi Tanzania as Elias 

with students of Virginia Tech. University

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CD of 20 PLD poems

Featuring Dunbar's most beloved southern dialect poems.

 In The Morning, When Dey 'Listed Colored Soldiers, The Party, When Malindy Sings, Angelina and more.

A Literary & History collectors item.

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Mitch "GrandDaddy" Capel of North Carolina. Mitch is the male voice of Dunbar heard at the Dunbar House in Dayton, OH

Oni with storytellers, Jean "Omuwuma" Moss & Kwanzaa at NABS Conference & Festival, Philadelphia 2016

Quote on Brother Dunbar workshop

 "It's very very difficult to help students to see him as the great poet he is. Not just a jingle tongue that mistakenly is seen as pleasing others nor as just the angry man who "Wears The Mask". 


Dunbar as we know was the first person of significance to call African American youngsters "little brown babies" which to a people who's children had gone from chattel to pickanninies as one poet put it "alligator bait"  this was revelatory".  

PROFESSOR NIKKI GIOVANNI, Virginia Tech

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